High above the confluence of the two mighty rivers, Sava and Danube, stands the great Belgrade Fortress known as Kalemegdan surrounded by the most beautiful and biggest park in Belgrade, one of the most important cultural and historical complexes in the city. It is home to several galleries and museums like the Military Museum, restaurants, sports courts, and the Belgrade Zoo.
The name Kalemegdan is derived from the Turkish words kale (fort) and megdan (field) and applies to the spacious plateau surrounding the Fortress. In the past the Fortress had a significant military importance and served as a place from which the enemy was kept under observation and where preparations for combats were made. The plateau was turned into a park in the 19th century.
Belgrade Fortress is the core and the oldest section of the urban area of Belgrade. The city population was concentrated only within the walls of the fortress until most recent times so Kalemegdan echoes the history of Belgrade itself.
There are also playgrounds for kids, chess boards for the elderly, and a great wall which is a favorite spot for teens & youth with spectacular and often romantic views of sunsets, storms or other beauties of nature. It is also home to squirrels and other smaller animals which from time to time like to hang around with people, specially if you have some food to offer.
If you don’t like walking, you can also get the mini train that runs through the park.
If you plan to travel and visit Belgrade it is highly recommended to visit Belgrade fortress and the biggest park – Kalemegdan.